Civil Engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. Civil engineering is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. It is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including architectural engineering, environmental engineering, geo-technical engineering, geophysics, geodesy, control engineering, structural engineering, transportation engineering earth science, atmospheric sciences, forensic engineering, municipal or urban engineering water resources engineering, materials engineering, offshore engineering , quantity surveying coastal engineering, surveying, and construction engineering. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
Engineering has been an aspect of life since the beginnings of human existence. The earliest practice of civil engineering may have commenced between 4000 and 2000 BC in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia (Ancient Iraq) when humans started to abandon a nomadic existence, creating a need for the construction of shelter. During this time, transportation became increasingly important leading to the development of the wheel and sailing. Until modem times there was no clear distinction between civil engineering and architecture, and the term engineer and architect were mainly geographical variations referring to the same occupation, and often used interchangeably. The construction of pyramids in Egypt (circa 2700-2500 BC) were some of the first instances of large structure constructions. Other ancient historic civil engineering constructions include the Qanat water management system (the oldest is older than
3000 years and longer than 71 km,) the Parthenon by Iktinos in Ancient Greece (447-438 BC), the Appian Way by Roman engineers (c. 312 BC), the Great Wall of China by General Meng Tien under orders from Ch’in Emperor Shih Huang Ti (c. 220 BC) and the stupas constructed in ancient Sri Lanka like the Jetavanaramaya and the extensive irrigation works in Anuradhapura. The Romans developed civil structures throughout their empire, including especially aqueducts, insulae, harbors, bridges, dams and roads.
In the 18th century, the term civil engineering was coined to incorporate all things civilian as opposed to military engineering. The first self-proclaimed civil engineer was John Smeaton, who istructed the Eddystone Lighthouse. In 1771 Smeaton and some of his colleagues formed the Smeatonian Society of Civil Engineers, a group of leaders of the profession who met informally over dinner. Though there was evidence of some technical meetings, it was little more than a social society.
The Course provide the knowledge of following :-
- BUILDING CONSTRUCTION & MATERIAL
- STRUCTURE ANALYSIS
- ENGINEERING GEOLOGY
- CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY
- FLUID MECHANICS
- TRANSPORTATION ENGG.
- WATER RESOURCE ENGG.
- BRIDGE ENGINEERING
- IRRIGATION ENGINEERING
- WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING.
To create, disseminate and integrate knowledge of civil engineering for the betterment of society.
To develop sustainable applications to improve civil engineering practices. To develop skills among students and faculty by identifying potential of knowledge through innovative research for challenging applications in civil engineering
To develop centre of excellence in civil engineering to carry out research in the areas of infrastructure and eco-friendly technologies.
Surveying is the skill of determine the relative positioning point or object by measured angle or distance. Traversing is done to plot the detail of any building or other structure .whenever there is need of precise measurement the triangulation survey is performed. Plane table ling is the method off surveying in which the field observation and plotting are determine the relative position of point horizontally as well vertically. Contour is an imaginary line on the ground joining the points of equal elevation.
The behavior of various structure Under the action of loads are studied in S. A. Lab. Three hinged & two hinged arches experiment are premed to determine the maximum load that a particular arch can sustain. Apart from maximum load position , horizontal thrust deformation and type of failure are also found out these experiment. Deformation of beam is determined by Maxwell betti’s law verification. This experiment gives the maximum permissible load for a beam for certain deformation.
Without knowing the max permissible load a beam cannot be designed. Euler’s law verification reveals the behavior of strut under application of load for different end condition. This law is used in determine the max load & effective length of column and hence its is used in designing columns.
Providing state of art education in Civil Engineering guided by innovative research, inclusive technology and managerial skills for industry and societal needs for sustainable development.
Scope of Civil Engineering is thus very wide to keep the society and humankind safe, inhabitable and accessible. A Civil Engineer needs to tackle not only contemporary problems but also learns how to responsibly manage land & water resources. He requires not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also managerial and administrative skills. The subject matter of Civil Engineering is very diverse. The programme is therefore focused on three themes structures, water & transport.